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Buy Put Option Example [BEST]


Put options are a type of option that increases in value as a stock falls. A put allows the owner to lock in a predetermined price to sell a specific stock, while put sellers agree to buy the stock at that price. The appeal of puts is that they can appreciate quickly on a small move in the stock price, and that feature makes them a favorite for traders who are looking to make big gains quickly.




buy put option example



One option is called a contract, and each contract represents 100 shares of the underlying stock. Contracts are priced in terms of the value per share, rather than the total value of the contract. For instance, if the exchange prices an option at $1.50, then the cost to buy the contract is $150, or (100 shares * 1 contract * $1.50).


Put options are in the money when the stock price is below the strike price at expiration. The put owner may exercise the option, selling the stock at the strike price. Or the owner can sell the put option to another buyer prior to expiration at fair market value.


A put owner profits when the premium paid is lower than the difference between the strike price and stock price at option expiration. Imagine a trader purchased a put option for a premium of $0.80 with a strike price of $30 and the stock is $25 at expiration. The option is worth $5 and the trader has made a profit of $4.20.


If the stock finishes between $37 and $40 per share at expiration, the put option will have some value left on it, but the trader will lose money overall. And above $40 per share, the put expires worthless and the buyer loses the entire investment.


Using the same example as before, imagine that stock WXY is trading at $40 per share. You can sell a put on the stock with a $40 strike price for $3 with an expiration in six months. One contract gives you $300, or (100 shares * 1 contract * $3).


The majority of long option positions that have value prior to expiration are closed out by selling rather than exercising, since exercising an option will result in loss of time value, higher transaction costs, and additional margin requirements.


A put option is a contract that allows the owner the right (but not the obligation) to sell an asset at a predetermined price, known as the strike price. Those who buy put option contracts are essentially betting that the asset's price will fall. The further that the underlying asset's price falls, the more valuable the option contract can become.


"In short, options contracts allow you to profit from renting stock without actually owning the shares," said Cassandra Cummings, a registered investment advisor and founder of the Stocks & Stilettos Society.


When an option is purchased, the buyer pays what's called a premium. The premium is the maximum amount that the option buyer can lose in a trade. This is because options have an expiration date. If the put is not traded or exercised by the expiration date the contract will become worthless. Put options are available for stocks, ETFs, silver, and more.


Put options become more valuable as the underlying stock's price falls and loses value when the stock's price rises. Generally, the value of a put option can also decrease as it approaches the expiration date. This is known as time decay; to minimize this Cummings suggests purchasing contracts that go out at least 45-60 days.


The process of determining the profitability of an option is found using intrinsic value. Intrinsic value is calculated for a put option by subtracting the price of the underlying asset from the strike price. For our example, the strike price was $100 and the current price is $80. This makes the intrinsic value $20.


After doing some research let's say that you have concluded that shares of ABC company will fall below $100 per share which is where our fictional company is currently trading. By purchasing a put option for $5, you now have the right to sell 100 shares at $100 per share.


If the ABC company's stock drops to $80 then you could exercise the option and sell 100 shares at $100 per share resulting in a total profit of $1,500. Broken out, that is the $20 profit minus the $5 premium paid for the option, multiplied by 100 shares.If you do not own 100 shares of the stock, you could choose to sell the option contract to another buyer; this practice is known more simply as options trading.


If the company is trading below the strike price (in our example the strike price was $100) then the option is trading "in the money" (ITM), this is because the option holder would see a profit if the option was exercised. Out of the money (OTM) is the opposite meaning that the current price of the stock is above the strike price. In our example, any price above $100 would mean the option is currently out of the money. Finally, you have a put option that can be "at the money" (ATM) meaning the stock's current price is very close to or equal to the strike price.


Think of put options and call options as two sides of the same coin with their respective characteristics essentially inverted. If an investor feels a stock will rise, they may purchase a call option. If they feel the price will fall they may choose a put option. One common refrain to help you remember this is "call up and put down."


Put options are a bit more complex than simply buying and selling stocks or index funds. In most cases, brokerage firms require that investors apply and be approved to buy options. Depending on the brokerage firm, you'll need to complete a questionnaire to gauge your experience and risk tolerance.


Quick tip: Remember that buying a put option is different from selling a put option. Selling a put means that you will receive the premium as income but you may also incur the risk of being forced to buy the shares of the underlying stock if the price falls below the strike price.


Put options can be a good way to protect against downside risk if the market falls but they also come with added risks and complexity. Unlike trading a stock, trading a put option requires the investor to be right on three levels: the underlying asset, the direction, and the timing since all options contracts have an expiration date.


Options involve risk and are not suitable for all investors. Review the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options brochure before you begin trading options. Options investors may lose the entire amount of their investment or more in a relatively short period of time.


The long put strategy buys a put with the hope that the investor can sell it for a higher price later on if the underlying asset declines in value. The short put strategy anticipates a rise in the underlying asset so that the option will expire OTM or worthless.


Put options are a type of options contract. These contracts allow the owner to sell a security at a specific price by the date listed in the options contract. Investors buy put options to either hedge long positions or speculate that the price of a specific stock will decline. The profit will equal the difference between the strike price (exercise price) and market price.


Options contracts allow investors to buy or sell the named security by a defined date. Call options are contracts that say investors can buy a stock for a specific price, while put options say that investors can sell a stock for a specific price outlined in the contract before the option expires.


In a put contract, there is an underlying stock, expiration date, and the strike price. The stock named is the stock that the put buyer has the right to sell. The expiration date sets the timeframe by which the contract owner has to sell the equity. The strike price is the defined price that the option holder can sell the equity.


The put contract gains value as the stock price goes down. A simple example illustrates this concept. If an investor buys an XYZ put option with a strike price of $45, they are able to gain more profit the lower the stock goes. So if the stock price drops from $45 to $35, the investor increases their potential profit by $10 per share.


Tip: In American-style options, option owners have the right to exercise the contract anytime before the expiration date. In European-style options, the contract owner can only exercise the option on the expiration date.


Depending on the intrinsic value, a put contract may be out of the money (OTM), at the money (ATM), or in the money (ITM). When a put contract is OTM, the option is not profitable because the strike price is below the current market price. A put contract is ATM if the strike price equals the market price. Put buyers want their options to be ITM with the strike price above the market price.


For example, a put writer earns $200 for a contract of ABC stock with a strike price of $50 per share. The stock drops to $40 per share, and the put buyer sells the stock. This results in a net loss to the put contract writer because they have to buy the stock at $50 per share ($5,000), but its value is only $4,000. The net loss is the amount the stock must be purchased less the market price minus the profit from the contract sale ($5,000 - $4,000 - $200 = $800).


For example, an investor writes a put for 100 shares of ABC stock at a strike price of $95 for $200. The stock drops from $100 per share to $85 per share, and the put buyer exercises their right to sell the stock to the put writer for $9,500. The put buyer acquires the stock via the contract, but it only has a value of $8,500.


A bull put spread is where the investor is both the buyer and the seller of a put option. In the bull put spread, the investor expects a moderate price increase. With this expectation, the investor buys a put option and then sells a put option for a higher strike price than the one purchased.


Bear put spreads are the opposite of bull put spreads. In the bear put spread, investors expect the stock price to see a moderate decline. The investor purchases put options while selling the same number of puts with the same expirations date but with a lower strike price. For example, Bob buys an ABC put with a strike price of $95 and sells an ABC put with a strike price of $90 because he expects the price to drop. The maximum profit here is the difference between the strike prices plus the cost of selling one put less the cost of purchasing the other put. 041b061a72


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