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Learn from the Expert: Analysis and Design of Substructures by Swami Saran PDF



Analysis and Design of Substructures by Swami Saran PDF




If you are a civil engineering student or a practicing engineer who wants to learn more about the analysis and design of substructures, such as foundations and retaining structures, then you should read this book by Dr. Swami Saran. This book is a comprehensive and systematic treatment of the subject, covering all aspects including soil exploration, laboratory testing, analysis and structural design. The book also covers the major types of foundations and retaining structures, such as footings and rafts, piles and wells, bridge substructures, marine substructures, rigid and flexible retaining walls, foundations in expansive soils, foundations of transmission towers, and reinforced earth.




Analysis And Design Of Substructures By Swami Saran PDF


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This book is based on the latest IS codes and IRC specifications, and includes a large number of illustrative examples and designs to help you understand the concepts and apply them to real-world problems. The book is divided into 13 chapters, each covering a specific topic in detail. In this article, we will give you a brief summary of each chapter and highlight some of the key points and benefits of reading this book.


Engineering Properties of Soil




The first chapter of the book deals with the basic concepts and parameters of soil mechanics that are essential for understanding the behavior and performance of substructures. The chapter covers topics such as soil classification, compaction, shear strength, consolidation, stress distribution, pore water pressure, effective stress principle, Mohr's circle of stress, failure criteria, stress-strain relationships, elastic constants, modulus of subgrade reaction, coefficient of earth pressure at rest.


The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to conduct soil tests in the laboratory or in situ to determine these parameters.


Soil Exploration and Limit State Design




The second chapter of the book deals with the methods and techniques of soil exploration that are used to obtain information about the subsurface conditions at a site where a substructure is to be constructed. The chapter covers topics such as sampling, testing, boring, and geophysical methods. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to plan and execute a soil exploration program for a given project. The chapter also introduces the concept of limit state design and its application to foundations. The chapter covers topics such as limit states, partial safety factors, design values, load combinations, and serviceability criteria. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to apply limit state design principles to foundation design problems. General Design Principles of Foundations




The third chapter of the book deals with the general principles and criteria for designing foundations that are common to all types of substructures. The chapter covers topics such as bearing capacity, settlement, stability, and serviceability. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to calculate bearing capacity and settlement of foundations using various methods.


The chapter also discusses the factors affecting foundation design, such as load types, soil conditions, foundation types, and environmental effects. The chapter covers topics such as dead loads, live loads, wind loads, earthquake loads, buoyancy forces, lateral loads, uplift forces, soil-structure interaction, soil variability, foundation shape, size, depth, location, eccentricity, and interaction effects, scouring, frost action, and chemical attack. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to consider these factors in foundation design problems.


Earth Pressures




The fourth chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of earth retaining structures, such as walls, sheet piles, and braced cuts. The chapter covers the concepts and theories of earth pressure, such as active and passive pressure, Rankine and Coulomb theories, and lateral earth pressure coefficients. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to apply these theories to earth pressure problems.


The chapter also discusses the methods of calculating earth pressures, such as graphical, analytical, and numerical methods. The chapter covers topics such as graphical methods (such as Culmann's method), analytical methods (such as Mononobe-Okabe method), and numerical methods (such as finite element method). The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to use these methods to calculate earth pressures for different types of retaining structures.


Shallow Foundations




The fifth chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of shallow foundations, such as footings, rafts, mats, and combined footings. The chapter covers the methods of determining bearing capacity and settlement of shallow foundations, such as Terzaghi's theory, Meyerhof's method, Hansen's method, IS code method, and plate load test. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to use these methods to design shallow foundations for different types of loads and soils.


The chapter also discusses the factors affecting shallow foundation design, such as shape, size, depth, location, eccentricity, and interaction effects. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to optimize shallow foundation design for different scenarios. Pile Foundations




The sixth chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of pile foundations, such as driven piles, bored piles, and pile groups. The chapter covers the methods of determining pile capacity and settlement, such as static formulae, dynamic formulae, load tests, and empirical methods. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to select and design pile foundations for different types of loads and soils.


The chapter also discusses the factors affecting pile foundation design, such as pile type, material, length, diameter, spacing, arrangement, and load transfer mechanism. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to consider these factors in pile foundation design problems.


Bridge Substructures




The seventh chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of bridge substructures, such as piers, abutments, and bearings. The chapter covers the types and functions of bridge substructures, the loads and forces acting on them, and the methods of designing them according to IS codes and IRC specifications. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to design bridge substructures for different types of bridges and locations.


The chapter also discusses the aspects of construction and maintenance of bridge substructures, such as site investigation, foundation selection, construction materials, quality control, and inspection. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to construct and maintain bridge substructures for optimal performance and durability.


Marine Substructures




The eighth chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of marine substructures, such as offshore platforms, jetties, wharves, and breakwaters. The chapter covers the types and functions of marine substructures, the loads and forces acting on them, and the methods of designing them according to IS codes and relevant standards. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to design marine substructures for different types of marine structures and locations.


The chapter also discusses the aspects of construction and maintenance of marine substructures, such as site investigation, foundation selection, construction materials, quality control, and inspection. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to construct and maintain marine substructures for optimal performance and durability.


Rigid Retaining Walls




The ninth chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of rigid retaining walls, such as gravity walls, cantilever walls, counterfort walls, and buttress walls. The chapter covers the methods of calculating earth pressures and stability of rigid retaining walls, such as Rankine's theory, Coulomb's theory, and IS code method. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to apply these methods to rigid retaining wall problems.


The chapter also discusses the factors affecting rigid retaining wall design, such as wall geometry, backfill properties, surcharge loads, water table effects, and seismic effects. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to consider these factors in rigid retaining wall design problems.


Flexible Retaining Walls




The tenth chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of flexible retaining walls, such as sheet pile walls, diaphragm walls, and anchored walls. The chapter covers the methods of calculating earth pressures and stability of flexible retaining walls, such as free earth support method, fixed earth support method, and subgrade reaction method. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to apply these methods to flexible retaining wall problems.


The chapter also discusses the factors affecting flexible retaining wall design, such as wall stiffness, soil-structure interaction, anchor type and location, and seismic effects. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to consider these factors in flexible retaining wall design problems.


Foundations in Expansive Soils




The eleventh chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of foundations in expansive soils, such as black cotton soils, montmorillonite soils, and bentonite soils. The chapter covers the characteristics and behavior of expansive soils, such as swelling potential, swelling pressure, shrinkage limit, and moisture movement. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to identify and classify expansive soils using various methods.


The chapter also discusses the methods of designing foundations in expansive soils, such as under-reamed piles, mat foundations, sand cushions, lime stabilization, and chemical treatment. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to select and design foundations in expansive soils for different types of structures and locations.


Foundations of Transmission Towers




The twelfth chapter of the book deals with the analysis and design of foundations of transmission towers, such as lattice towers, tubular towers, and guyed towers. The chapter covers the types and functions of transmission towers, the loads and forces acting on them, and the methods of designing their foundations according to IS codes and relevant standards. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to design transmission tower foundations for different types of towers and locations.


The chapter also discusses the aspects of construction and maintenance of transmission tower foundations, such as site investigation, foundation selection, construction materials, quality control, and inspection. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to construct and maintain transmission tower foundations for optimal performance and durability.


Reinforced Earth and Its Engineering Applications




The thirteenth chapter of the book deals with the concept and applications of reinforced earth, which is a composite material consisting of soil and reinforcement elements. The chapter covers the principles and mechanisms of reinforced earth, such as frictional interaction, confining pressure, and arching effect. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to design and test reinforced earth materials using various methods.


The chapter also discusses the applications of reinforced earth in civil engineering, such as retaining walls, slopes, embankments, foundations, pavements, and bridges. The chapter explains these topics in a clear and concise manner using diagrams, tables, equations, graphs, and examples. The chapter also gives you some practical tips on how to construct and maintain reinforced earth structures for optimal performance and durability.


Conclusion




In conclusion, this article has given you a brief summary of each chapter of the book "Analysis and Design of Substructures by Swami Saran PDF". This book is a comprehensive and systematic treatment of the subject of substructures, covering all aspects including soil exploration, laboratory testing, analysis and structural design. The book also covers the major types of substructures, such as foundations and retaining structures. The book is based on the latest IS codes and IRC specifications, and includes a large number of illustrative examples and designs to help you understand the concepts and apply them to real-world problems.


If you are interested in learning more about the analysis and design of substructures, then you should read this book by Dr. Swami Saran. This book will provide you with both an attractive and a structurally sound knowledge base on substructures. You will also benefit from the practical tips and recommendations that the author provides throughout the book.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and their answers related to the topic of the article:



  • What are substructures?



Substructures are the parts of a structure that are below the ground level, such as foundations and retaining structures.


  • What are the types of foundations?



Foundations are classified into two main types: shallow foundations and deep foundations. Shallow foundations are those that transfer the load to the soil near the surface, such as footings, rafts, mats, and combined footings. Deep foundations are those that transfer the load to the soil at greater depths, such as piles, wells, and caissons.


  • What are the types of retaining structures?



Retaining structures are classified into two main types: rigid retaining structures and flexible retaining structures. Rigid retaining structures are those that resist earth pressures by their own weight and stiffness, such as gravity walls, cantilever walls, counterfort walls, and buttress walls. Flexible retaining structures are those that resist earth pressures by their deformation and interaction with the soil, such as sheet pile walls, diaphragm walls, and anchored walls.


  • What are the factors affecting substructure design?



Some of the factors affecting substructure design are: load types, soil conditions, foundation types, environmental effects, wall geometry, backfill properties, surcharge loads, water table effects, seismic effects, wall stiffness, soil-structure interaction, anchor type and location, swelling potential, swelling pressure, shrinkage limit, moisture movement.


  • What are the benefits of reading this book?



Some of the benefits of reading this book are: you will learn about the basic concepts and parameters of soil mechanics; you will learn about the methods and techniques of soil exploration; you will learn about the general principles and criteria for designing substructures; you will learn about the different types of foundations and retaining structures; you will learn about the latest IS codes and IRC specifications; you will learn from the illustrative examples and designs; you will get practical tips and recommendations.


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